While the importance of having sufficient iodine in one’s diet has been emphasized time and again, yet another study has uncovered even more reasons to fortify an expectant woman’s diet with iodine.
In a study published in the journal The Lancet on May 22, it is stated that even a mild case of iodine deficiency can already create repercussions on the baby’s cognitive skills when he grows up.
Between 1991 and 1992, urine samples were taken from some 1,040 pregnant women and studied during their first trimester. Based on standards set by the Food and Nutrition Board at the U.S. Institute of Medicine, pregnant women should have a minimum of 220 micrograms per day, whereas pregnant women who are also breastfeeding should have 290 micrograms daily.
Those who had an iodine level of 50 to 150 micrograms per liter in their urine were said to have mild to moderate iodine deficiency, while those whose iodine levels measured below 50 had a severe case of iodine deficiency. More than two-thirds of the pregnant women who participated in the study had iodine deficiency.