A 36-year-old Swede woman who underwent a womb transplant has successfully given birth to a baby boy, reports the medical journal The Lancet.
The womb came from the woman’s 61-year-old friend who had already undergone menopause.
Although the boy was prematurely delivered via C-section because the mother had pre-eclampsia, both he and his mother are doing well. He weighed 3.9 pounds (1.775 kilos) at birth.
The woman, who was not named, was diagnosed with a condition called the Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuester-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome, wherein one is born without parts of her womb or vagina. In her case, she was born without a uterus.
MRKH affects one in every 4,500 newborn girls around the world.
One year after the transplant, the woman received an early stage IVF embryo using her own eggs and her husband's sperm. The couple was able to produce 11 IVF embryos.
According to Professor Matts Brännström from the University of Gothenburg, who had already conducted nine uterus transplants, there are cases where the recipient’s immune system rejects the uterus. In this particular case, the recipient had no complications.
Said Brännström, “Our success is based on more than 10 years of intensive animal research and surgical training by our team and opens up the possibility of treating many young females worldwide from uterine infertility.”
Said the father of the world’s first womb transplant baby, “It was a pretty tough journey over the years, but now we have the most amazing baby. He’s no different from any other child, but he will have a good story to tell.”