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UPDATE: Final Version of Expanded Maternity Leave Bill Approved!Congress can now finally move forward and consolidate a proposed measure to be submitted and approved by the President.by Rachel Perez .
UPDATE as of October 1, 2018: The Bicameral Conference Committee approved the final version of the proposed Expanded Maternity Leave (EML) Law. It now offers 105 days of maternity leave, 7 days of which can be allocated to paternity leave. Single moms also get an additional 15 days maternity leave. This final version will be enacted into law once Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte signs it. Read more here.
After repeated calls to pass the proposed measure to give new mothers more time to recuperate and to care for their newborns, the House of Representatives (HOR) finally did so on August 28, 2018, after second reading, the Philippine News Agency reported. Today, September 4, 2018, lawmakers passed the bill on its third and final reading with 191 affirmative votes, zero negative vote and no abstention.
The passage of House Bill No, 4113, otherwise known as the Expanded Maternity Leave Bill or the "100-day Maternity Leave Law" comes more than a year since the Senate approved its version. Senate Bill No. 1305, also known as the Extended Maternity Leave Act was passed last March 2017.
HB No. 411 consolidates 15 bills that seek to extend the maternity leave. Both the Senate and the Lower House can now convene a bicameral committee to merge the two versions and iron out the differences between the two bills.ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW
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The most obvious difference is the number of additional paid maternity leave days. The Senate's version had put the maternity leave at 120 paid leave days, while the House offers to extend it to 100 days.
Both versions, however, grant the maternity leave benefit for EVERY instance of pregnancy, abortion, miscarriage, or stillbirth (the current law limits women to four). Both versions also provide an option to extend for an additional maternity leave of 30 days without pay, but it protects the female employee's tenure.
The Philippines maternity law currently allows for 60 paid leave days for women who have had a vaginal delivery, and 78 paid leave days for women who delivered via a C-section. Our country has the lowest number of paid maternity leave days in Southeast Asia, well below the 98-day recommendation of the International Labor Organization (ILO).
In a roundtable discussion attended by SmartParenting.com.ph last March 5, 2018, Sen. Risa Hontiveros, who authored the bill, told us she was hopeful the House would approve the counterpart bill in March. Last August 5, 2018, the Philippine Daily Inquirer reported that Sen. Angara "prodded the House of Representatives to speed up the passage of the expanded maternity leave bill."ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW
The proposed bill will not only give new mothers more time to recover from childbirth and focus on her postpartum care. It will also help lower their chances of developing postpartum depression, and give her ample time to ample time to arrange for caregivers before she needs to go back to work.
A longer maternity leave will also give moms more time to care and bond with her baby. Doctors have also highlighted that one of the crucial benefits of the proposed law is giving moms more time to establish an exclusive breastfeeding practice and reap the benefits of breast milk for her and her baby.
This article has been updated on September 1, 4 p.m. to include the bill's passage on its third and final reading.
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