If you’re planning on having a baby, here’s one more disease to watch out for that could get in your way of becoming a parent.
A study conducted by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, included 831 women between 14 and 38 years old with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) for seven years. Almost a fifth of these women were infertile, and 43 percent reported experiencing chronic pelvic pain.
The study’s major findings were that women who have had PID more than once actually have double the risk for infertility and quadruple the risk for experiencing chronic pelvic pain. A report of the study has been published in the journal Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
Among the teens included in the study, 40 percent experienced chronic pelvic pain, and those with recurrent PID were five times more at risk of chronic pelvic pain versus teens without PID. Said researcher Dr. Maria Trent, "The fact that close to one-fifth of these girls were already showing signs of infertility is quite alarming, and might mean that the numbers will increase as these girls get older and actively try to get pregnant.”
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PID is typically characterized by an infection of a woman’s pelvic organs, namely the uterus, the Fallopian tubes, ovaries and the cervix. This is caused by a sexually transmitted disease such as Gonorrhea (bacterial infection causing vaginal discharge, vaginal swelling or redness, burning, itching, etc.) or Chlamydia (an infection the most common symptom of which is cervicitis or infection of the uterine cervix).