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    Read on about the treatment and prevention of Typhoid Fever.

     

    How is it treated?

    Antibiotics are given to fight the infection and rid the body of the bacteria. The patient usually feels better after two to three days. Symptoms are also treated with fluid replacement (for diarrhea) and fever-reducing medicines. Adequate rest is important. Some persons become carriers of Salmonella typhi even after treatment; follow-up checkups are needed to ensure that the body is completely bacteria-free.

     

    Prevention

    Vaccination is the first prevention step towards fighting typhoid but does not guarantee complete protection. Vaccinated kids may develop less severe but prolonged symptoms, which still merits medical attention.

    More importantly, raise the “neat alert” at home and practice proactive prevention:

     

    1. Practice good personal hygiene.

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    • Wash hands properly with liquid soap and water before eating or handling food, after going to the toilet, and after changing your baby’s diapers.
    • Clip fingernails regularly to avoid buildup of bacteria.

    2. Handle and prepare food properly.

    • Bring drinking water to a rolling boil for 15 to 20 minutes.
    • Cook food thoroughly; keep cooked and uncooked food tightly covered to keep flies from hovering and infesting it.
    • Wash all vegetables and fruits thoroughly, especially those that are to be eaten raw.
    • Scrub and rinse shellfish in clean water.
    • Keep two sets of utensils for food preparation: one for cooked food, another for raw food.
    • Consume cooked food as soon as possible. If necessary, refrigerate cooked leftovers and reheat thoroughly before consumption. Discard any spoilt food items properly.
    • Store perishable food in the refrigerator. Keep it tightly covered and labeled with the date it was cooked.
    • Buy bottled water when dining out. Ask for drinks without ice unless the ice is made from bottled or boiled water.
    • Keep your home surroundings clean to eliminate every possible breeding area for flies and mosquitoes.

     

    Photo from flickr.com

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