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  • What you and the School can do to Eradicate Bullying

    Learn more about the possible triggers of bullying and what schools and real moms are doing to help put an end to it.
    by Cristina Tuvera Alcantara .
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    Defining Bullying

    According to the Journal of School Psychology, in an article written by Wang, Iannotti and Luk, there are different types of bullying.  They are:

    1. Physical bullying where one is physically hurt through means of punching, hitting, pinching, hazing, and being forced to do things he or she doesn’t want to.

    2. Verbal bullying where one is called names, taunted, and teased about their appearance, socio-economic status, religious beliefs and the like.

    3. Emotional bullying where a person is intimidated by others, made to feel bad through means of being excluded from groups.

    4. Rumor bullying where hurtful rumors and lies are spread about a person.5. Cyber bullying where any verbal, emotional, or rumor bullying occurs over the Internet.

    A common misconception is that bullying is a male activity, when it is, in fact, an act not specific to any gender. While boys express their aggression through physical and verbal bullying, girls are more likely to release their aggression through verbal mockery and social exclusion.

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    (Related story: Bully-proof your Child!)

     

    The Characteristics of a Bully

    Dr. Dan Olweus, the father of bullying research, believes that bullies: 

    have a strong need to dominate and subdue other students and to get their own way,

    are impulsive and easily angered,

    are often defiant and aggressive toward adults, including their parents and teachers,

    show little empathy toward students who are victimized,

    if they are male, they are physically stronger than boys in general.

    There is an adage often used within counseling circles: Hurting people hurt people. The root of bullying behavior, then, stems from some psychological dysfunction on the part of the bully. According to Dr. Cleofe Palac, a counseling psychologist who has dealt successfully with bullies and bully-victims, that dysfunction is most likely rooted in the child/student’s home-life. Kronenberger and Meyer add that bullies come from families where rearing practices are characterized by lack of involvement, inconsistency, and use of aggression as a discipline method.

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    Mrs. Rubirose Garrovillo, Dean of Students at Everest Academy Manila, offers a more thorough insight on the psychology of bullies: “In my experience, the reasons as to why a child/student may be exhibiting bullying behavior can be due to several factors. Circumstances that lead a child to bully others differ and should be carefully evaluated per case. There are some reasons, however, that are more often encountered in schools, and one of these could be the child’s previous experience with bullying (be it in school or at home).” 

    She adds, “Some children who are considered bullies may have been exposed to negative child-rearing practices or negative role models (in real life or in media) that could, in turn, elicit similar negative behavior in school. Socio-emotional maturity may also be a factor. Some children simply lack the tools to be able to communicate their feelings or emotions appropriately (in a public or school setting). If the root of a student’s “bullying” behavior is due to the latter and the child isn’t guided or corrected early, then the behavior may simply persist or worsen.”

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