Your toddler’s skin is more sensitive so it is best to go natural when choosing your toddler’s skin care products. According to Ruby Panganiban, a registered chemical engineer, “Creams or lotions are a mix of oil and water. Creams are heavier or thicker in consistency than lotion because they contain more oil.” Here are the basic ingredients found in lotions and creams:
• Water: main ingredient; provides moisture • Active Ingredient: depends on the function of the lotion; e.g. for delicate and dry skin, sweet almond oil has regenerating, restructuring, and hydrating properties and is rich in vitamins. • Oil: to hold water on the skin the lotion or cream is applied to; e.g. white petroleum jelly provides a layer of oil on the surface of the skin to prevent water from evaporating quickly. • Emulsifying Agent and Stabilizer: ensures that the mixture of oil and water do not separate (so you don’t have to shake the bottle every time you need to use it); e.g. stearate acid (derived from soy beans), beeswax, jojoba oil. Lotions can also contain preservatives, ph balancers (e.g. Sodium Hydroxide) to regulate ph balance of the skin, and thickeners (e.g. Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer) to improve consistency and smoothness of the lotion (e.g. Glycerol). • Some products have add-ons like vitamins and fragrances. All these can improve the lotion or cream’s “feeling” on the skin, but none of them are necessary.