Cynthia Nuñez-Morton, R.N., Filipina nurse at the Queen Alexandra Hospital in Portsmouth, England, says, “Some role-play activities on emergency situations in the house would be good for little kids.” This way, kids will not panic and they'll remember precautionary measures.
Here are 10 things your child should know—in case of emergency:
The location of the corded phone. In the event of an emergency, power outage, or if batteries on the cordless phone expire, parents should teach the child where the phone is located.
The location of the flashlights. Items left around the house may result in accidents and injuries. Check the batteries and light bulbs in the flashlights regularly, and keep one in every bedroom and bathroom for emergency, adds Cynthia Nuñez-Morton, nurse and mom to two boys.
Any food and medical allergies that he may have. Let your child know his own medical condition. If he requires medical attention and you’re not present, he’ll be able to inform medical personnel what medications he’s allergic to. Make him wear an alert bracelet if he has a potentially life threatening condition or allergy. Dr. Joan Valdez, physician and radiologist at the Asian Hospital and Medical Center in Alabang, Muntinlupa, suggests preparing an “allergy ID card” placed in his bag or pocket so others can easily pull it out in case of emergency.
The name of both parents' or guardian’s place of employment. If he needs to contact you in an emergency, he can tell the school nurse, emergency worker, or the parent of a friend whose house he’s playing at where you work.
How to spell his name. Knowing how to spell his complete name helps properly identify a lost child to a store clerk or rescue worker.
The escape route and plan in case of a fire. Talk to your kids about what they should do in case of a fire. Point out where they should go. Tell them not to run away or hide from a firefighter, police officer, or paramedic because they’re there to rescue him.
To yell “fire” or “Help” if someone is attempting to abduct him. Creating a public disturbance is an excellent way to stop a would-be child abduction.
Household rules for feeding pets. If your pet isn’t allowed to eat table food or has a specific dietary regimen, it is important to make your kids aware of it.
What should he do if you or his caregiver is suddenly unconscious or debilitated? Discuss how he can identify if and when he should call for help if you fall down or become unconscious. Tell him whom to contact if you or his caregiver is unexpectedly injured or ill.
How to shut off the water if the toilet overflows. Point out the location of the shutoff valve for the sinks and toilets in the bathroom and the kitchen. Tell him how to safely close them.
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Joan Valdez, M.D., physician and radiologist, Asian Hospital and Medical Center, Alabang, Muntinlupa
Cynthia Nuñez-Morton, R.N., nurse, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, England