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Adopting in the PhilippinesWe outline some of the requirements and procedures involved in the adoption of a child in the Philippines.
People who want to adopt children domestically in the Philippines should be aware of the three types of options available to them:
- Adoption may be administered by licensed adoption agencies, which find families for children who are voluntarily or involuntarily committed.
- Adoption may occur between relatives, wherein the biological parents make a direct placement of the child to a relative.
- There is also what is known as an independent adoption, which involves either a direct placement of the child by biological parents to a family they know or placement with the help of an intermediary, who arranges adoption between families.
Anyone who plans to adopt locally should know about some of the components and procedures involved in the process of adoption. According to the DSWD, these include:
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- Scouting and recruitment of potential families who might want to take in a child in need of adoption.
- Screening of adoptive applicants as parents to a child in need of a home.
- Selection of the family who can best provide a home to the child.
- Preparation of the child and family to make them ready for the placement.
- Supervision of trial custody for at least six months to help in the child’s adjustment before the adoption process is finalized.
- Finalization of adoption and issuance of the final decree of adoption and amended birth certificates.
The government will also help the prospective adoptive parents, the biological parents, and the prospective adoptees by providing pre- and post-legal adoption counseling, and by introducing them to support organizations. In addition, the government and the adoption agency also have the option to remove the child from the adoptive home if the placement does not go well.
Who may be adopted?
The Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 or the R.A. 8552 sets the following guidelines on who may be adopted domestically:
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- Any person below 18 years of age who has been administratively or judicially declared available for adoption may be adopted.
- The legitimate son or daughter of one spouse may be adopted by the other spouse.
- An illegitimate child may be adopted by a qualified adopter to improve the child’s status to that of legitimacy.
- A person of legal age may be adopted by people who, since that person’s minority, have treated him or her as their own child.
- A child whose adoption has been previously rescinded (cancelled) may be adopted again.
- A child whose biological or adoptive parents have already died may be adopted, although no proceedings shall be initiated within six months from the time of death of the said parents.
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