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  • A Primer on Bug Bites and Stings

    Keep your home bug-free. Learn all about the most common bug bites, as well as how to manage and prevent them.
    by Ruth Manimtim-Floresca .
  • kid bug biteBug bites and stings are usually minor nuisances and pose no danger. However, there are occasions when they can cause infection that warrant treatment, as well as allergic reactions that can be life threatening.

    Entomologist Chito Medina, Ph.D. and pediatrician Cindy Raki-in, M.D. help us identify the different types of common house bugs and what we should know about them.

    Mosquitoes
    Breeding areas: Open water containers; tree holes; flood waters; canals
    Bite signs and effects: Localized pain, redness, swelling, or itching
    First aid: Wash the area with soap and water, then swab with alcohol or calamine lotion
    Diseases carried: Malaria; Dengue; Encephalitides; Yellow fever; Filariasis
    Management and prevention: Get rid of mosquito breeding places; apply insect repellant; use mosquito nets

    Cockroaches
    Breeding areas: Dark cabinet corners, under furniture, and behind walls
    Bite signs and effects: Localized pain, redness, swelling, or itching
    First aid: Wash the bitten area with soap and water; apply an ice pack or a wet, cold washcloth
    Diseases carried: Exposure (not bites) to cockroach remains and feces poses a greater health threat, such as increased incidence of asthma; cockroaches are also possible carriers that transmit viral and bacterial diseases
    Management and prevention: Observe proper sanitation in the home; use registered pesticides

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