Being a responsible father is not only defined by providing well for your family; it also means ensuring you remain healthy so you can enjoy time with your family. Thus, being aware of the illnesses and how to prevent them is something every man should be aware of.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that occur in men. It develops in the prostate, a walnut-sized gland in the male reproductive system which is responsible for producing substances that help in the nourishment and transit of sperm. Most types of prostate cancer grow slowly and occur only in the prostate itself. However, more aggressive forms of the disease do exist and may sometimes spread to other parts of the body, including the lymph nodes, bones and the lungs.
What causes prostate cancer? Prostate cancer happens because of mutations that occur in normal cells in the prostate. This mutation causes the cells to grow and multiply uncontrollably, accumulating as tumors. As is the case with many other types of cancer, experts are still not sure what exactly causes the mutations; however, studies suggest that genetics, age and diet may have something to do with it.
Symptoms A man with prostate cancer may not experience any symptoms, especially during the early stages of the disease. However, more advanced stages of prostate cancer may cause noticeable warning signs. The following are the most common:
• Changes in urinary function, including more frequent urination, difficulty in starting a stream of urine, difficulty holding back urine, weaker urine flow, presence of blood in urine stream, and painful urination.
• Changes in sexual function, including erectile dysfunction, presence of blood in semen, and painful ejaculation.
• Frequent pain in thigh, lower back and pelvic bones. These symptoms may indicate that the cancer has spread to the bones.