How to Perform CPR on a Baby and on a Child: A First Aid Guide
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  • Someone who’s had a cardiac arrest will suddenly collapse on the floor, stop breathing and have no pulse. And cardiac arrests do happen to children, not just grown-ups. So, in its recently released guidelines, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is encouraging all parents to learn how to do cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).  

    In the U.S., “cardiac arrest kills more than 7,000 children outside the hospital setting every year,” according to the AAP. A cardiac arrest happens when the heart malfunctions and cannot pump blood to the brain, lungs, and other organs. Death can occur within minutes if the victim does not receive treatment, says the American Heart Association (AHA). On the other hand, most victims will recover when prompt help is given.   

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    “There are precious few minutes to waste when someone suffers a cardiac arrest, and it’s especially tragic when children are affected,” said Dr. Susan M. Fuchs, the lead author of the technical report, in a press release. “We know that by empowering people with information and the right equipment, that bystanders are more likely to take quick action.”

    The AAP advocates for life support training for parents and caregivers, which includes knowledge in CPR and the use of an automated external defibrillator. “This training could occur in hospitals, physician offices, other health care facilities, schools, as well as be offered by professional and community groups.” 

    Life-saving skills should be taught from a young age as well and the AAP also recommends life support training for children. “Younger students can learn to recognize an emergency and call for help. Older students — especially those in high school — can learn CPR,” said Dr. Fuchs. 

    As per the report, “Basic life support training, including the performance of CPR should be in the skills toolkit for children, with the additional skill of the use of an AED for adolescents, parents, caregivers, school personnel, and the general public.”

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    Note that performing CPR on an infant and on a child require different techniques. As an introduction, below are instructional first aid videos from St. John Ambulance. These videos do not replace a first aid — we highly recommend hands-on training. Scroll down to see where you can enroll in one in Metro Manila. 

    How to perform CPR on a baby



    How to perform CPR on a child



    Looking to learn first aid techniques for your family? In the Philippines, a parent can join Philippine Red Cross’ Basic Life Support Child and Infant class. There's also Early Intervention Management, an AHA accredited training site, which offers a Family First Aid Coursewhich includes child CPR. 

    Manila Workshops will teach kids ages 7 to 11 years old first aid via its Little Heroes: First Aid & Rescue for Kids seminar this July 2018. Topics covered include responding to cardiac arrest and also what to do with nosebleeds, cuts and wounds, stings and bites, and more. 

    Be prepared and stay safe, moms and dads. 

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